Intelligent Design The Definitive Source on Intelligent Design

Thomas Aquinas

A Brief History of Intelligent Design

Some trace the origins of ID back to the natural theology of William Paley and the arguments of the thirteenth century Catholic philosopher Thomas Aquinas. Other critics of ID acknowledge that “design arguments are not new, for the debate over design in nature began at least as early as the ancient Greek and Roman philosophers. The Greek philosophers Heraclitus, Empedocles, Democritus, and Anaximander believed that life could originate without any intelligent guidance. Plato and Aristotle, both advocated that a mind was required to explain life's existence. In more modern times, Isaac Newton asked in his treatise Opticks, "Was the Eye contrived without Skill in Opticks, and the Ear without Knowledge of Sounds? And these things being rightly dispatch’d, does it not appear from Phænomena that there is a Being incorporeal, living, intelligent, omnipresent…" The debate over design continued vigorously among scientists and philosophers — not just theologians — at the time of Darwin in the 19th century. Read More ›